原子能科学技术 ›› 2022, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (5): 905-917.DOI: 10.7538/yzk.2021.youxian.0838

• 核数据模型理论与评价 • 上一篇    下一篇

35MeV以下56Fe(n,p)56Mn反应截面及协方差评价

李小军;兰长林;张玥;杨宪林;张智;孙小东   

  1. 兰州大学 核科学与技术学院,甘肃 兰州730000;中国原子能科学研究院 核数据重点实验室,中国核数据中心,北京102413
  • 出版日期:2022-05-20 发布日期:2022-05-20

Reaction Cross Section and Covariance Evaluation of 56Fe(n,p)56Mn below 35 MeV

LI Xiaojun;LAN Changlin;ZHANG Yue;YANG XianlinZHANG Zhi;SUN Xiaodong   

  1. School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;China Nuclear Data Center, Key Laboratory of Nuclear Data, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China
  • Online:2022-05-20 Published:2022-05-20

摘要: 56Fe(n,p)56Mn通常作为标准反应来监测中子场通量,该反应截面数据的准确性直接影响到活化法测量结果的精确度,进而影响到实验待测物理量的精度。本文开展了56Fe(n,p)56Mn反应截面实验测量数据评价工作与协方差计算工作,首先系统分析EXFOR中现有的56Fe(n,p)56Mn反应截面实验测量数据,对实验数据进行了归纳总结分析,并从中子源、测量方法、探测器类型等方面对56Fe(n,p)56Mn直接测量实验数据进行评价。然后,拟合给出适用入射中子能量区间为295~35 MeV的激发曲线。随后,针对评价中重点推荐的实验数据开展了关联协方差矩阵的计算工作。最后,使用核反应计算程序TALYS对56Fe(n,p)56Mn激发曲线进行了调参计算并和评价数据进行了比较分析。该工作拓展了现有的中子活化反应截面实验数据的评价方法,结果提高了35 MeV以下中子诱发56Fe(n,p)56Mn反应的评价数据精度。

关键词: 56Fe(n,p)56Mn, 反应截面评价, 数据库建立, 协方差分析

Abstract: Neutron induced reaction cross sections play an important role in nuclear science and technology research, such as national defense, nuclear energy construction and development, nuclear medicine, radiation protection and nuclear safety. With the rapid development of nuclear technology, there are increasing demand for the variety and accuracy of neutron data. As an important structure material nuclide, the accuracy of neutron induced reaction cross section on 56Fe is directly related to the design and operation of reactors, spent fuel disposal and miniaturization design, and also of great significance to nuclear physics basic research. The 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction is usually used as the standard to monitor the neutron field flux in the experiment. It greatly influences the results of nuclear data measurement, and also has guiding significance for upon carry the determination of the parameters in the nuclear reaction model. Due to the obvious differences existing in the previous experimental data and inconsistency between the evaluation databases, the experimental measurement data evaluation and covariance analysis were carried out for the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction cross section in this paper. Firstly, the existing experimental measurement data of 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction cross section in EXFOR and literature were downloaded and systematically collected, then summarized, contrasted, and classified in terms of neutron source, measurement method, detector kinds, etc. Secondly, the data with low reliability were discarded with checking the original papers, and the uncertainty mentioned in these papers was also analyzed. Additionally, previous experimental results which using the imprecise values were adjusted and modified with the more accurate data such as recently ratios, supervised reaction standard cross sections, and isotopic abundances. The data with significant divergence near 14 MeV were normalized, which made it more concentrated and less divergent. The polynomial curve fitting was applied to obtain the excitation curve of 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction between 29535 MeV which was derived from the corrected and normalized results. Following that, the correlation covariance matrix was calculated for the suggested experimental data after evaluation. Meanwhile, the energy density, optical potential parameters, energy level density parameters, and other parameters of 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction were adjusted within the physical model calculated by the nuclear reaction simulation program TALYS. Finally, the reaction cross section of 56Fe(n,p)56Mn was computed theoretically, compared with experimental data and evaluation databases. This paper broadened the existing evaluation method of neutron activation reaction cross section experimental data, and also improved the accuracy of the assessment data for neutroninduced 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction cross section measured data below 35 MeV. The recommended assessment value and its covariance of the 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction excitation function were given based on the evaluted results of experimental data. Excitation function input file for 56Fe(n,p)56Mn reaction derived by adjusting the TALYS parameters agree well with the experimental and evaluation data. A set of standard assessment techniques were constructed, which serves as a guide for theoretical calculation and database construction of related nuclear data.

Key words: 56Fe(n,p)56Mn, reaction cross section evaluation, database establishing, covariance analysis