原子能科学技术 ›› 2022, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (5): 835-842.DOI: 10.7538/yzk.2021.youxian.1030

• 核数据实验测量研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

14.8 MeV中子诱发78Kr(n,2n)77Kr反应截面的测量

梁建峰;解峰;阮锡超;鲍杰;陈雄军;师全林;李雪松;余功硕;康泰   

  1. 西北核技术研究所,陕西 西安710024;中国原子能科学研究院 核数据重点实验室,中国核数据中心,北京102413
  • 出版日期:2022-05-20 发布日期:2022-05-20

Measurement of 78Kr(n,2n)77Kr Reaction Cross Section Induced by 14.8 MeV Neutron

LIANG Jianfeng;XIE Feng;RUAN Xichao;BAO Jie;CHEN Xiongjun;SHI Quanlin;LI Xuesong;YU Gongshuo;KANG Tai   

  1. Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi’an 710024, China; China Nuclear Data Center, Key Laboratory of Nuclear Data, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China
  • Online:2022-05-20 Published:2022-05-20

摘要: 快中子诱发(n,2n)反应截面的测量在核反应机制研究和核技术应用等方面有着广泛的应用价值。本文在中国原子能科学研究院的高压倍加器上,基于活化法实验测量了78Kr(n,2n)77Kr在148 MeV能点的反应截面。样品靶为高纯78Kr气体样品,用十万分之一天平称重得到78Kr的质量,将两片高纯93Nb薄片分别固定在样品靶两侧以监测中子注量率。利用T(d,n)4He反应产生148 MeV中子,轰击距中子源约10 cm的样品靶大于4 h后,用准确刻度过效率的HPGe探测器测量活化产物 77Kr和92Nbm的活度。利用蒙特卡罗程序计算中子注量率修正、样品自吸收修正、样品几何修正等因子,得到了78Kr(n,2n)77Kr的反应截面,并将结果与文献值和评价数据库进行了比较。研究结果有助于提高78Kr(n, 2n)77Kr反应截面测量和评价的水平。

关键词: 78Kr(n,2n)77Kr, 反应截面, 活化法, HPGe-γ谱仪

Abstract: The measurement of (n,2n) reaction cross section induced by fast neutron plays an important role in nuclear reaction mechanism research and nuclear technology applications. Experiments have been carried out over the last several decades. However, most experiments focused on solid samples including 89Y, 151Eu, 203Tl, 232Tl and so on, and there are few reported results about gaseous samples such as xenon and krypton. The 78Kr(n,2n)77Kr reaction cross section was poorly studied, and this work aimed to measure the cross section induced by 148 MeV neutron. The measurement was performed by the activation method, and the experiment was carried out at the Cockcroft Walton Accelerator of China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). A cell made of PMMA was used as the gas container, and the 78Kr gas (enriched to 995% abundance) was injected into the cell using a syringe. The mass of 78Kr gas sample was determined by weighing method. Quasi monoenergetic neutron beams with a yield of about 3×1010 s-1 were produced via the T(d, n)4He reaction (Q=17.6 MeV). The ion beam current was about 250 μA, and the average energy of D+ particles was about 300 keV. The neutron flux determination was accomplished by attaching two 93Nb foils (same diameter as the cell and thickness of 50 μm) with purity of 9999% to the upstream and downstream faces of the cell. The sample was placed at 0° angel relative to the incident D+ beam direction and centered about the TTi target at a distance of about 10 cm, where the neutron flux was 2×107 cm-2·s-1. After irradiation, the activities of 77Kr and 92Nbm were measured by offline gammaray spectrometric technique using a precalibrated HPGe detector on the surface of the detector end cap due to their low activity. To obtain detection efficiencies, another irradiation experiment was carried out individually to produce 77Kr and 92Nbm with high activities, which were used to measure the count rate ratio of the characteristic γray at a distance of 25 cm and on the surface. The efficiencies at the position of 25 cm were obtained by interpolating the efficiency curve which was pre-calibrated using various standard γ sources. Besides, Monte Carlo codes were written to calculate correction factors caused by geometry difference and neutron flux difference. As a result, the cross section was determined to be (464±19) mb, and was compared with the literature data and evaluations. The result of this work is much higher than that of previously reported. The result is helpful to the analysis and evaluation of 78Kr(n,2n)77Kr reaction cross section.

Key words: 78Kr(n,2n)77Kr, cross section, activation technique, HPGe γ-ray spectroscopy